The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is an organisation of South Asian nations, which was established on 8 December 1985 when the government of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka formally adopted its charter providing for the promotion of economic and social progress, cultural development within the South Asia region and also for friendship and cooperation with other developing countries. It is dedicated to economic, technological, social, and cultural development emphasising collective self-reliance. Its seven founding members are Sri Lanka, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Afghanistan joined the organisation in 2007. Meetings of heads of state are usually scheduled annually; meetings of foreign secretaries, twice annually. It is headquartered in Kathmandu, Nepal.

Objectives -
  • CULTURE - Promotion of SAARC Culture online, production of cultural source materials on South Asia, Cooperation with other Organizations, Establish linkage between Culture and other sectors in attaining social and economic development, cooperation in the field of product development and promotion of cultural products, and SAARC Exchange Programme on Culture are the salient features of the Agenda for Culture.
  • TOURISM - The Heads of State or Government during the 15th Summit¬†underscored the vital contribution that tourism could afford to the economic development of the SAARC region. ¬†It was decided to include facilitating the movement of people through improved travel infrastructure and air, sea and land connectivity among the SAARC countries, collaboration in human resource development and the promotion of SAARC as a common destination through public-private partnerships and joint campaigns.
  • ECONOMIC GROWTH - SAARC works towards initiating a healthy rate of economic growth in INDIA. It works towards diminishing the income inequalities amongst all the classes and also instil a healthy growth in the per capita income of the nation.
  • EMPLOYMENT GENERATION - SAARC also takes initiatives to generate various employment avenues in INDIA. By opening up various new avenues such as tourism inter-nation trades. It also undertakes various special employment generation programmes in collaboration with the Indian government.
  • COMMUNAL HARMONY - SAARC also works to increase communal harmony amongst all the 8 SAARC nations
  • EXTERNAL RELATIONS - In a time where nations spend a magnanimous amount on their defence strategies SAARC is taking all potential steps to improve external relations amongst its members.
  • INTER-STATE RELATIONS - Apart from working on external relations amongst the nations SAARC also works towards enhancing inter-state relations by encouraging tourism and various summits amongst various states.
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